The smartphone is an example of a tool we can use as an aid in the process of a transfer knowledge from a person to another. The teacher will be using the smartphone for creating the lesson be independent of the classroom and the students. The teacher can work systematically and develop the training as shorter or longer courses.
The world is changing
The world is changing all around us. A skilled population is a key to a country’s sustainable development and stability.
We know that obtaining a quality education is the foundation for improving people’s lives and sustainable development. To contribute to skill people over the next ten years and beyond, we must look ahead, understand the trends and forces that will shape our business in the future and move swiftly to prepare for what has to come.
The number of smartphones is growing exponentially
Ownership of mobile smartphones amongst the general consumer, professionals, and students are growing exponentially. The potential for smartphones in education builds upon experience described in the extensive literature on mobile learning from the previous decade which suggests that the ubiquity, multi-functionality, and connectivity of mobile devices offers a new and potentially powerful networked learning environment.
For billions of people coming online around the world – many in Africa – mobile phones (and increasingly smartphones) is their point of entry to the internet. This is true in both developed and developing countries. However, the user experience on a smartphone is very different from that on a PC or a feature phone. The different affordances and limitations of each device shape how people interact with information, and even one’s conceptualization of the internet itself. Mobile-specific tendencies include: communicating through apps versus a browser, coming online via a handful of “walled garden” applications, information consumption rather than production, and a focus on social activities over more “serious” uses. To take advantage of the benefits that information and communication technologies (ICTs) offer, one must have the skills and knowledge to do so. Digital and information literacy skills are critical to realizing the potential of technologies fully. 
Smartphones as a learning tool
A study from 2011 tried to explain the fundamental factors influencing users’ intentions to use smartphones as a learning tool continually. The study confirms the significant roles of users’ cognitive perceptions; the findings also shed light on the possibility of the smartphone serving as an enabler of learning. Users may want to use the smartphone as a telecommunication tool, as well as a learning application. 
A smartphone is a useful tool for the micro-learning. Microlearning is a learning strategy that focuses on delivering training and performance support in small, focused chunks. It has been a concept floating around in our industry since the lexicon of reusable learning objects was first introduced by Cisco to the learning space over fifteen years ago. 
Different use of the smartphones
The purpose of smartphone varies for students. A study found that the primary use of the smartphone for students was :
- checking the exams schedule
- checking class timetable
- checking grades
- login to the university portal
- using Blackboard (LMS)
- using it to participate in the class learning groups
- downloading class material
- registering courses
- reading tutors’ announcements
- payment of fees
- social networking
Today we have more tools we can use as the aid in the process of a transfer knowledge from a sender to a recipient. The smartphone is an example of such device. The sender will be independent of the receiver and can develop explicit expertise for a specific subject. The sender can work systematically and acquire the knowledge as shorter or longer courses.
 Mobile Information Literacy: Building Digital and Information Literacy Skills for Mobile-first and Mobile-centric Populations through Public Libraries Clark, Melody, Coward, Chris, Rothschild, Chris 2017 https://digital.lib.washington.edu/researchworks/handle/1773/39161
 Smartphones as smart pedagogical tools: Implications for smartphones as u-learning devices Dong-Hee ShinaYoun-Joo Shina Hyunseung Choob Khisu Beomc http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563211001233 Computers in Human Behavior Volume 27, Issue 6, November 2011, Pages 2207-2214.
 The 13 th International Scientific Conference eLearning and Software for Education Bucharest, April 27-28, 2017 10.12753/2066-026X-17-007 DEVELOPING A MICROLEARNING STRATEGY WITH OR WITHOUT AN LMS Bryan ELDRIDGE eXact Learning Solutions, Genoa, Italy firstname.lastname@example.org.
 The Use of Smartphone for Learning Activities by University Students in Kuwait. Basil Alzougool, Jarrah AlMansour https://ideas.repec.org/p/sek/itepro/4907508.html, 2017