There are numerous challenges facing Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in the 21st century. Some of the challenges are digitization and automation of economies and societies. Therefore, all forms of education and training must keep pace with the advancement in knowledge and technologies common to the user societies.
Accelerating trends in artificial intelligence and robotics point to a significant economic disruption in the years ahead. Together, machine learning, natural-language recognition, biometrics, and decision management are converging toward the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
Skills for the shifts in the world of work
Some of the common changes requiring adaptation and modifications in education and training are the rise in the volume of data generated, expansion in Internet connectivity, the emergence of analytics and power to operate businesses as well as other activities supported by artificial intelligence and augmented-reality systems. Other realities today are issues of quality and access as well as the need to develop skills that can outlast the shifts in the world of work.
Formal and online education
Formal education will probably never disappear completely, but it is clear that the new forms of online education are becoming more and more important.
Thanks to the Artificial Intelligence, in fact, the online education systems will learn as the students learn, understanding their needs and supporting them with a tailor-made itinerary. Also, learning analytics will accelerate the development of new tools for personalized education.
With the use of technologies powered by Artificial Intelligence, the problem of a “one-size-fits-all” approach to teaching will be finally solved. Thanks to Machine Learning algorithms, teachers will be able to identify the educational needs of their students and find the gaps in their methods, pointing where students are struggling the most. On the other hand, students will be able to move through their education more effectively, and talented students who are often bored by easy tasks will finally find new motivation and challenges.
The Artificial Intelligence in education is around the corner. Students will get access to courses tailored for each student. A step before, today, students have access to courses from their smartphone, tablet or computer. The Lucubrate team tailor courses to affordable prices.
In near future, the student learns where he is. He does not need to travel to a school and a classroom. He meets his classmates on the Internet. Mixed reality and computer vision can provide a high fidelity, immersive environment to stimulate interest and understanding. Simulations and games technology encourage student engagement and enhance learning in ways that are more intuitive and adaptive. They can also engage students in co-developing knowledge, involving them more in all activities. The technologies also allow people outside of the school and from across the globe to participate in education through global classrooms and participative projects.
The developing of TVET in the 21st century will probably go on far away from the classrooms, as we know them today. The TVET uses digitization and automation in all forms of education and training.